秘书基础

上海高考语法新题型|上海英语高考题型

篇一:上海英语高考语法新题型(附答案)

高考英语(上海)语法新题型

2014年上海高考英语新题型 语法填空专练及解题技巧

解“语法填空”题的一般步骤:

一、浏览全文 把握语篇

浏览全文的目的是把握其大意,为下一步“填空”做好“语义”上的准备,因为“语义”决定着空白处应填一个什么意思的词语并采用什么样的语法形式。在通读全文的过程中,为较好地把握其大意,很有必要弄清该文的体裁、题材(语题)、中心思想、写作主线、段落大意、段落层次等。这些有利于考生真正读懂全文大意,也有利于在“填空”时进行必要的逻辑推理。

二、边读边填 先易后难

在通读全文,基本了解文章大意之后,就可以动手填空了。填空的过程是一个判断空白处应填词语的“语义”(已给出词语的除外)和正确的语法“形式”的思维过程。遇到一时想不起来的空,先跳过去,等检查时再仔细对付,不要用太多的时间停留在一个单词上。

三、验证复查 清除难点

有时间的话,进行复查是必要的。复查的方法是:将所有答案“填进”短文并进行通读,以最后确定答案。

Directions: Read the following two passages. Fill in each blank with one proper word or the proper form of the given word to make the passage coherent. Make sure that your answers are grammatically correct.

(A) There is a photo hanging above my desk. Whenever I look at that photograph, it takes me back to those early years25every new experience was important for me.

I can still remember the shouts of the spectators as I26(go) out onto the sports field with my classmates. Two days27(early). I had qualified for the finals of the 100 metres. Now28(look) around, I was determined to win.

While I was walking across to the start, I began to feel more and more nervous. I looked around and saw my proud parents waving enthusiastically. My heart was beating fast when I lined up with the other eager competitors. I look some deep breaths and waited for the signal. Then the starting signal29(give) and I set off down the track.

I ran as fast as I could, not looking at anything but the finishing line. By the time I crossed the line, I was so exhausted that I30hardly breathe. As soon as I heard the result31(announce), I realized I had won! Overjoyed, I collapsed on the soft grass with a broad smile on my face.

“Well done!” said the Headmaster later, as I was presented with the winner’s certificate. I had never felt so happy and proud in my life.

(B)

One of the first questions young children ask is “Why?” It is human nature to want32(find) out why things are the way they are. You can find out “Why” by turning the question into a hypothesis (假设) for33experiment.

34example, suppose you have been trying to grow tomato plants, but insects keep destroying35 . Someone tells you that36(put) large strips of colored cloth around the plants will keep insects away. Your question might be “Do certain colours of cloth keep insects away?” Then you’d begin your experiment. The first step would be to place different-colored strips of cloth around all of the plants except one. Then, as regular intervals, you would observe and record and note37the plant had any insect damage or not.

This experiment may prove that the answer to your question is “No, it is not different-colored strips of cloth38keep away insects.” Or you may find that answer is “Yes, certain insects are

kept away by blue cloth, but not yellow cloth.” ......39you have found, you are well on your way to understanding how you can use scientific thinking to solve a problem in you own life.

Keys: (A) 25. when 26. went27. earlier28. looking29. was given 30. could31. announced (B) 32. to find 33. an34. For35. them36. putting37. whether38. that

39. Whatever

Directions: Read the following passage. For some blanks, there is a word given in the brackets. Fill in each of these blanks with the proper form of the given word. Fill in the other blanks with words that are correct in structure and proper in meaning.

(A)

One day, when I was working as a psychologist in England, an adolescent boy showed up in my office. It was David. He kept25(walk) up and down restlessly, his face pale, and his hands shaking slightly. His head teacher had referred him to me. “This boy has lost his family,” he wrote. “He is understandably very sad and refuses to talk to others,26I’m very worried about him. Can you help?”

I looked at David and showed him to a chair. How could I help him? There are problems psychology doesn’t have the answer27 , and which no words can describe. Sometimes the best thing one can do is to listen openly and sympathetically

The first two times we met, David didn’t say a word. He sat there, only28(look) up to look at the children’s drawings on the wall behind me. I suggested we play a game of chess. He nodded. After that he played chess with me every Wednesday afternoon—in complete silence and without looking at me. It’s not easy to cheat in chess, but I admit I made sure David won once or twice.

Usually, he arrived29than agreed, took the chess board and pieces from the shelf and began setting them up before I even got a chance to sit down. It seemed as if he enjoyed my company. But why did he never look at me?

“Perhaps he simply needs someone30(share) his pain with,” I thought. “Perhaps he senses that I respect his suffering.” Some months later, when we were playing chess, he looked up at me suddenly.

“ 31 ’s your turn,” he said.

After that day, David started talking. He got friends in school and joined a bicycle club. He wrote to me a few times about his biking with some friends, and about his plan to get into university. Now he had really started to live his own life.

Maybe I gave David something. But I also learned that one—without any words—can reach out to

32person. All it takes is a hug, a shoulder to cry on, a friendly touch, and an ear that listens

(B)

Some years ago, writing in my diary used to be a usual activity. I would return from school and33

(spend) the expected half hour recording the day’s events, feelings, and impressions in my little blue diary. I did not really need to express my emotions by way of words, but I gained a certain satisfaction from seeing my experiences forever34(record) on paper. After all, isn’t accumulating memories a way of preserving the past?

When I was thirteen years old, I went on a long journey on foot in a great valley,35(well-equip) with pens, a diary, and a camera. During the trip, I was busy recording every incident, name and place I came across. I felt proud to be spending my time36(productive), dutifully preserving for future generations a detailed description of my travels. On my last night there, I wandered out of my tent, diary in hand. The sky was clear and lit by the glare of the moon, and the walls of the valley looked threatening behind their screen of shadows. I automatically took out my pen….

At that point, I understood that nothing I37(write) could ever match or replace the few seconds I allowed myself to experience the dramatic beauty of the valley. All I remembered of the

previous few days were the dull characterizations I38(set) down in my diary.

Now, I only write in my diary when I need to write down a special thought or feeling. I still love to record ideas and quotations that strike me in books, or observations that are particularly meaningful. I take pictures, but not very often—only of objects39I find really beautiful. I’m no longer blindly satisfied with having something to remember when I grow old. I realize that life will simply pass me by if I stay behind the camera, busy40(preserve) the present so as to live it in the future.

I don’t want to wake up one day and have nothing but a pile of pictures and notes. Maybe I won’t have as many exact representations of people and places; maybe I’ll forget certain facts, but at least the experiences will always remain inside me. I don’t live to make memories—I just live, and the memories form themselves.

Key:25. walking 26. and 27. to28. looking 29. earlier 30. to share 31. It32. another33. spend 34.

37. wrote38. had set 39. which / that 40. preserving Directions: Read the following two passages. Fill in each blank with one proper word or the proper form of the given word to make the passage coherent. Make sure that your answers are grammatically correct.

(A)

The US government has set several rules and guidelines in place ____25_____(protect) us from eating potentially harmful foods. Several dishes _____26_____(consider) real delicacies in other parts of the world, ____27______haggis in Scotland or fugu (puffer fish) in Japan, are banned from the U.S. food market because of potential health risks. But looking at the issue from a reversed angle, there are actually several common foods eaten in America that are banned in other parts of the world.

The shocking truth is that many of our favorite foods, like boxed mac and cheese and yogurt, include ingredients____28______ other countries have established as potentially harmful for health, and therefore are banned. Clearly, mac and cheese on its own isn't poisonous in any way, but the yellow food colorings #5 and #6 have been shown to cause hypersensitivity (过敏) in children, and are therefore banned in countries including Norway, Finland, and Australia. ___29_____yogurt and other milk products, it is the rBGH and rBST that some countries are concerned with --- these growth hormones ____30_______(ban) in several regions including the European Union, Canada, and Japan ___31______their potentially dangerous impacts on the health of both humans and cows.

Key:25.To protect26.considered27.like 28.that 29.For 30.are banned31.because of

(B)

How many times have you let your basic contact lens hygiene slide, not doing things like washing your hands before ___32_____(handle) your lenses, using tap water _____33______saline solution(盐水溶液) or sleeping in your lenses?

During a busy week __34_____work, a woman named Erin was out of contact lens solution but didn't have time to buy any, so she used tap water ____35_____(store)her contact lenses.

That would soon prove to be a mistake: She contracte(转 载于:wWw.xLTkwj.cOM 小 龙 文档网:上海高考语法新题型)d a rare amoeba(阿米巴,变形虫) infection____36_______ began to attack her cornea(眼角膜).

"The pain was extreme," she told Dr. Travis Stork on The Doctors. She went to the ER, where doctors thought she had a simple eye infection and prescribed her a steroid(类固醇)._____37_______, after the pain still did not go away, she visited an optometrist who ____38_______( realize)that she had an amoeba infection.

"The steroid was, in fact, hiding the infection," she said. "It was keeping my sight but it was actually feeding the amoeba, via the steroid, making ___39___stronger."

Stork noted that steroids can actually be harmful in cases like this, because they make it harder for the body to fight off the infection.

Key:32.handling33.instead of 34.at 35.to store 36.that 37.However 38.realized 39.it

Directions: Read the following two passages. Fill in each blank with one proper word or the proper form of the given word to make the passage coherent. Make sure that your answers are grammatically correct.

(A)

One day, when I was working as a psychologist in England, an adolescent boy showed up in my office. It was David. He kept (walk) up and down restlessly, his face pale, and his hands shaking slightly. His head teacher had referred him to me. “This boy has lost his family,” he wrote. “He is understandably very sad and refuses to talk to others, I?m very worried about him. Can you help?”

I looked at David and showed him to a chair. How could I help him? There are problems psychology doesn?t have the answer , and which no words can describe. Sometimes the best thing one can do is to listen openly and sympathetically

The first two times we met, David didn?t say a word. He sat there, only (look) up to look at the children?s drawings on the wall behind me. I suggested we play a game of chess. He nodded. After that he played chess with me every Wednesday afternoon—in complete silence and without looking at me. It?s not easy to cheat in chess, but I admit I made sure David won once or twice.

Usually, he arrived than agreed, took the chess board and pieces from the shelf and began setting them up before I even got a chance to sit down. It seemed as if he enjoyed my company. But why did he never look at me?

“Perhaps he simply needs someone (share) his pain with,” I thought. “Perhaps he senses that I respect his suffering.” Some months later, when we were playing chess, he looked up at me suddenly.

“is your turn,” he said.

After that day, David started talking. He got friends in school and joined a bicycle club. He wrote to me a few times about his biking with some friends, and about his plan to get into university. Now he had really started to live his own life.

Maybe I gave David something. But I also learned that one—without any words—can reach out to person. All it takes is a hug, a shoulder to cry on, a friendly touch, and an ear that listens

Key:25. walking 26. and 27. to28. looking29. earlier30. to share31. It 32. another

(B)

Some years ago, writing in my diary used to be a usual activity. I would return from school and (spend) the expected half hour recording the day?s events, feelings, and impressions in my little blue diary. I did not really need to express my emotions by way of words, but I gained a certain satisfaction from seeing my experiences forever (record) on paper. After all, isn?t accumulating memories a way of preserving the past?

When I was thirteen years old, I went on a long journey on foot in a great valley, (well-equip) with pens, a diary, and a camera. During the trip, I was busy recording every incident, name and place I came across. I felt proud to be spending my time productively, dutifully preserving for future generations a

(detail) description of my travels. On my last night there, I wandered out of my tent, diary in hand. The sky was clear and lit by the glare of the moon, and the walls of the valley looked threatening behind their screen of shadows. I automatically took out my pen….

At that point, I understood that nothing I (write) could ever match or replace the few seconds I allowed myself to experience the dramatic beauty of the valley. All I remembered of the previous few days were the dull characterizations I (set) down in my diary.

Now, I only write in my diary when I need to write down a special thought or feeling. I still love to record ideas and quotations that strike me in books, or observations that are particularly meaningful. I take pictures, but not very often—only of objects I find really beautiful. I?m no longer blindly satisfied with having something to remember when I grow old. I realize that life will simply pass me by if I stay behind the camera, busy (preserve) the present so as to live it in the future.

I don?t want to wake up one day and have nothing but a pile of pictures and notes. Maybe I won?t have as many exact representations of people and places; maybe I?ll forget certain facts, but at least the experiences will always remain inside me. I don?t live to make memories—I just live, and the memories form themselves.

Key:33. spend 34. recorded35. well-equipped36. detailed 37. wrote38. had set 39. which / that

Directions: Read the following two passages. Fill in each blank with one proper word or the proper form of the given word to make the passage coherent. Make sure that your answers are grammatically correct.(A)

Low-Cost Gifts for Mother?s Day

Gift No. I

Offer to be your mother?s health friend. Promise to be there for any and all doctor?s visits a disease or a regular medical check-up. Most mothers always say “no need,” another set of eyes and ears is always a good idea at a doctor?s visit. The best part? This one is free. Gift No. 2

Help your mother organize all of her medical records, include the test results and medical information. Put them all in one place. Be sure to make a list of all of her medicines and what times she takes them. “(have) all this information in one place could end up saving your mother?s life,” Dr. Marie Savard said.

Gift No. 3

Enough sleep is connected to general health conditions. “Buy your mother cotton sheets and comfortable pillows to encourage better sleep,” Savard said. “We know that good sleep is very to our health.”

Gift No. 4

Some gift companies such as Presents for Purpose allow you to pay it forward this Mother?s Day by picking gifts in which 10 percent of the price you pay goes to a charity. Gift givers can choose from wide variety of useful but inexpensive things—many of which are “green” —and then a meaningful charity from a list. When your mother gets the gift, she (tell) that she has helped the chosen charity. Key:25. whether 26. which27. Having 28. important 29. a

30. choose 31. will be told

(B)

In my living room, there is a plaque(匾) that advises me to “Bloom where you are planted.” It reminds me of Dorothy. I got to know Dorothy in the early 1980s, I was teaching Early Childhood Development through a program with Union College in Barbourville, Kentucky. The job responsibilities required occasional visits the classroom of each teacher in the program. Dorothy stands out in my memory as one who “bloomed” in her remote area.

Dorothy taught in a school in Harlan County, Kentucky, Appalachian Mountain area. (get) to her school from the town of Harlan, I followed a road (wind) around the mountain. In the eight-mile journey, I crossed the same railroad track five times, giving the possibility of getting caught by the same train five times. Rather than feeling excited by this drive through the mountains, I found it depressing. The poverty level was shocking and the small shabby houses gave me the (great) feeling of hopelessness. From the moment of my arrival at the little school, all gloom(忧郁) disappeared. Upon arriving at Dorothy?s classroom, I (greet) with smiling faces and treated like a queen. The children had been prepared to show me their latest projects. Dorothy told me with a big smile that they were serving poke greens salad and cornbread for “dinner” (lunch). In case you don?t know, poke greens are a weed-type plant

grows wild, especially on poor ground.

Dorothy never ran out of reports of exciting activities of her students. Her enthusiasm never cooled down. When it came time to sit for the testing and interviewing required to receive her Child Development Associate Certification, Dorothy was ready. She came to the assessment and passed in all areas. Afterward, she(invite) me to the one-and-only steak house in the area to celebrate her victory, as if she had received her Ph.D. degree. After the meal, she placed a little box containing an old pen in my hand. She said it was a family heirloom (传家宝), but to me it is a (treasure) symbol of appreciation and pride that cannot be matched with things.

Key:32. when 33. to34. To get 35. winding 36. greatest

篇二:上海高考语法最新题型解题新策略

上海高考语法最新题型解题新策略

鲁矿中学 霍印堂

上海市英语高考三年一小变,五年一大变。到了2014年,该市高考的英语试题语法题型由传统的从四个选择项中选择一个最佳答案改变为在两篇文章中按照高中英语语法考核项目挖去15个空。由于作者最近所带班级学生均为英语基础薄弱学生,这对于他们是一个更大的挑战。因为在单项选择中,他们还有选择项可以选择,但是如果让他们把文章读懂并且写出符合上下文意的语法答案,他们往往感到如从下手。本文整理总结了作者在日常教学中指导他们如何做题的一些做法,可能与高考命题者的初衷不太吻合,但对于英语基础薄弱学生提高分数有一定的指导意义。同时,对于英语基础较好的学生也可参考一下,因为他们的目标是本科学校甚至是重点本科学校,这就要求他们在该题型上面不能丢分太多。

一、传统高考语法题型的考核重点:

由于高考考试大纲并没有太大的变化,所以高考对于考生在语法项目上所必须掌握的基础语法知识也没有大的变化。我们可以从往年的高考真题中窥一下

题,非谓语动词四个小题,从句五个小题。这三部分总共11个小题,而如果考虑进去情态动词和特殊句型(翻译疑问句,强调句型,倒装以及the more…the more结构)的话,还可以再加上1~2个小题,这样就占了16个小题的大半江山。所以我在日常的教学中重点让学生把握住动词类的。

之所以这样做,原因有三:

1.动词词类是英语教学中的重中之重,这从高考考查的重点可以看出。而高考指挥棒的作用也决定了英语教师在日常教学中必须重视这一词类。

2.在2014年开始的上海市英语高考试题中,语法考核题型所给的15个空,如果需要填动词的各种形式的话,命题人会在空格后面给出必须使用的动词(形

容词的考核也会给出,但是一般只考核一分的题)。这样,学生在做题时不需要绞尽脑汁地思考需要填哪个词,直接变化所给的单词就可以了,这在一定程度上降低了做题难度。

3.在剩下的空格中,学生还可以简单地看空格前后谓语动词的个数,如果出现了两个谓语动词而没有连接词的情况下,那么该空格就是需要填连接词了,也就是说考查的是从句类项目(或者是并列句,主要是主从复合句的考查)。在特殊句型的考查也需要考生对谓语动词有敏锐的观察力。

二、如何操作该做题方法:

作者以2014年杨浦区第一次模拟考试英语试题的语法新题型为例,讲解一下作者在平时的教学中如何指导学生应试:

(A)

The problem with much mobile technology is that it’s not really designed to be used while you’re actually mobile. The human brain can only pay attention to about three things at a time – and concentrate effectively on just one of them. Even though the consequences of smart phone distraction(注意力分散)are sometimes (25) _____ (amuse), they can also be serious.

The number of children (26) _____ (admit) to hospitals after accidents in public playgrounds

(27) _____ (climb) by about a third in five years, according to NHS data. Experts in both Britain and the US, (28) _____ a similar rise has occurred suggest some of the increase may be a result of parents being too distracted by their phones (29) _____ (take) care of their children properly.

And now comes evidence showing that 11-year-old children are three times more likely to be hurt or seriously injured on the way to and from school than 10-year-olds, since 11 is the average age at which children receive their first mobile phone, six times more likely (30) _____ (send) a text when it happens.

(31) _____ quarter of children surveyed admitted that they had been distracted by personal technology while crossing the road. “There is,” the report concluded, “a clear connection (32) _____ the use of technology and the time of serious accidents with children.” (B)

Self care is necessary for our physical and mental health, yet often it’s the first thing we drop when we find ourselves (33) _____ (stretch) for time. While we’re on the subject of time, let’s talk about priorities. When we feel like we don’t have time to do something important, it is (34) _____ because we’re not making time or because our priorities are not what we actually need. Everything we do with our time is a choice. It (35) _____ feel like we “have to” do certain things, but, in reality, we have complete control over (36) _____ we spend our time.

(37) _____ _____ _____ busy you are, you can fit self care into your schedule. Whether this means making it the first thing you do each morning, giving up TV or Facebook time, saying “no” to certain commitments, or potentially displeasing (38) _____, you can fit self care into your weekly routine (39) _____ _____ _____ you prioritize(优先考虑).

Self care doesn’t have to involve a lot of money, nor does it require a lot of time. If you

(40)_____ (struggle) to fit self care into your routine, start small, prioritize, and listen to your heart.

作者在指导学生做类似的题型时,要求他们先把空格给出单词的分成一类,没有给出单词的分成另一类。这样,上述试题就分成了两类:25,26,27,29,30,33,40是第一类,而其余的就是第二类。

划分好这两类后,然后再细分。第一类中,25题应该是非谓语动词,因为前面有了谓语动词are;26和27两个空格出现在一个句子里面,一个做谓语,另一个做非谓语;29是一个难度很高的一个空,因为该句子不仅长,而且谓语动词还多,出现了三个谓语动词;30题则很简单,如果记住了be likely to do something,答案就显而易见了;33题则考察了固定词组,find somebody+宾语补足语,又是一个非谓语动词;40题很明显的条件状语从句中的谓语动词。

第二类则需要观察空格前后的谓语动词,如果出现了两个或两个以上,并且没有连接词,则该空格需要填从句里的连接词。比如,空格较多的37题,里面出现了are,而逗号后面又出现了can fit,很明显该空格填连词,然后在分析句子结构后可以看出还有28,36,和39三个空。如果在分析句子结构中看到底35题,主语是代词的单数第三人称形式,而空格后面是动词原形,那么该空就需要填写情态动词了。做完了这些空格后,你会发现没有剩下几个空格了,然后从介词,代词,特殊句型等几个考察频率低的语法项目思考。

三、日常教学建议:

1.在日常语法教学中,教师需要在学到单个语法项目的时候,要尽量打牢坚实的基础,使学生能够熟练掌握该语法项目的本质特征,能够在和其他易混淆的句型比较中区分出来;

2.在日常课文讲解中,教师完全可以利用课本的课文需要精读,找出课本里面几个经典的语法项目点,然后把课文挖去几个空,训练语法新题型的做法,起到一举多得的作用;

3.在日常词汇教学中,教师不仅需要精讲动词的使用方法,还需要在其他词类中给出一些相关的单词词组用法。比如,表达让步的连词和介词有哪些,教师如果给出了although,though,as,despite,in spite of等这些词库,学生在日常测验中就很容易了;再比如,介词中一个单词的有哪些,两个单词的有哪些,三个单词的有哪些,教师也起到了很好的指导作用。

不管考试题型如何变化,教师在日常的教学中严格按照课程标准和考试大纲授课,学生打牢基础,理想的高考分数和录取院校就水到渠成了。

篇三:上海高考语法新题型10.doc

语法新题型、中译英、词组 十

◆语法新题型 Part 1

I.Grammar and Vocabulary

Section A

Directions: After reading the passages below, fill in the blanks to make the passages coherent and grammatically correct. For the blanks with a given word, fill in each blank with the proper form of the given word; for the other blanks, use one word that best fits each blank.

(A)

Mr.Jackson lived in the centre of London but he had a hotel near the airport. There a lot of foreigners stayed for night.He didn?t know any ____25____ language but English and he found it difficult for him to understand the foreign visitors.Sometimes he had to use the body language to “talk” with them,and tried his best to make himself ___26____(understand).But he was often misunderstood and it brought him a 1ot of trouble.

A friend of his ____27____ learned a few foreign languages in a university would teach him.He was happy and studied hard.At first he learned some. but soon he found it wasn?t easy to remember the words and expressions.His friend advised him to write down the useful expressions in his notebook so that he ___28____ use them when necessary.He did as he was told.He found it helpful for him to do so.

One evening there were plenty of people in the dining room.They were all busy eating something ____29____ a Japanese.He was walking around there,____30____(wait) for his wife who was dressing herself up upstairs.Mr.Jackson thought to himself, “The man wants to eat something but he doesn?t know any English.Let me help him.??

___31___ he knew only a little Japanese,he had to bring out his notebook and showed it to the man,pointing to the sentence “I?m hungry”.

The Japanese had a look at it,___32____(give) him two pounds and left.

Keys: other; understood; who; could; except; waiting; As; giving

( B )

What does the term phubbing mean?

The word was coined by Alex Haigh, a 23-year-old Melbourne resident, phubbing stands for "phone snubbing", and describes "the act of snubbing someone in a social setting by looking at your phone instead of___33____(pay) attention".

Now stop phubbing ___34_____(become) the online home of a campaign against digitally derived rudeness recently.

The motive behind the effort is quite straightforward: to highlight the embarrassment of ____35____(ignore) in public places, text-tapping fingers during personal dinners and coffee dates that ___36____as well have been taken online.

Among all, the ____37_____(innovative) bit of the campaign are the wedding place cards that you can download to place on tables during your big day. It takes guests to pay attention to the wedding and not play with their phones! According to statistics, 87 percent of teens would rather text than____38____(communicate) face-to-face with a person.

The ?Stop Phubbing? website even ____39____(allow) you to upload photos of your friends/family who are phubbers to a Name-and-Shame section. Or download posters that read,

“No Tweeting, No Facebook, No Instagram No Foursquare, No Sexting”.

There?s even an option to send phubbers emails to let them know of the negative effect they could possibly have ____40_____ their friends.

Keys: paying; has become; being ignored; might; most innovative; communicate; allows; on

Part 2

华师大二附中新题型

(A)

The shadowy room was lined with shelves bearing hundreds of glass jars ___25___ slimy bits of animals and plants were suspended in variously coloured potions. In one corner ___26___ (stand) the cupboard full of ingredients that Snape had once accused Harry - not without reason - __27___ robbing. Harry's attention _____28_____(draw) towards the desk, however, where a shallow stone basin engraved with runes and symbols lay in __29___ pool of candlelight. Harry recognised it at once - it was Dumbledore's Pensieve. ___30____(wonder) what on earth it was doing there, he jumped ____31____ Snape's cold voice came out of the shadows.

'Shut the door behind you, Potter.'

Harry did __32___ he was told, with the horrible feeling that he was imprisoning himself.

Where; stood; of; was drawn; a; wondering; when; as

这是一间昏暗的屋子,架上放着几百只玻璃瓶,黏糊糊的动植物标本浮在五颜六色的药剂中。角落上一个柜子里装满了斯内普曾经——不无根据地——指责哈利盗取的药材。但哈利的注意力被吸引到书桌上,烛光里有一个刻着神秘符号的浅浅的石盆。哈利一下认出来了——邓布利多的冥想盆,正在纳闷它摆在这儿干什么,斯内普冷冰冰的声音从阴影处传来,把他吓了一跳。

“把你身后的门关上,波特。”

哈利照办了,恐惧地感到他把自己关了起来。他转过身,斯内普已经走到亮处,无声地指指书桌对面的椅子。

(B)

As people age, their world often becomes smaller. They move from houses to small apartments, which often makes them fell _____33_____ (secure). They give up ____34___(drive). Their social worlds ____35___(shrink) as friends pass away. Many suffer from isolation, particularly of family members live far away. The U.S. Market for “advanced remote patient monitoring”, ___36___ includes not just video conferencing, but also the ability ___37____(monitor) patient care remotely and link to a March report by Kalorama Information. The report found that the aging of the pollution, increasing health care costs, dwindling health care resources, advancing technologies and the ____38____(prove) cost effectiveness of patient monitoring all fueled the market?s growth.

“Some of our facilities use the VideoCare system to remind seniors that there?s an ice cream social, or to ask ____39____they want fish or chicken for dinner,” said Trescot. “We can manage a wide range of scenarios for caregivers, families and professionals. We are combing automation and remote care ____40___personal interaction.

More secure; driving; are shrinking; which; to monitor; proved; whether; with

Section B

Directions: Complete the following passage by using the words in the box. Each word can only be used once.Note that there is one word more than you need.

A. approachingB. comfortable C. hidingD. intelligentE. inevitableF. latelyG. putH. remark

I. temperedJ. universallyK.tremendous

It was already midnight. At one end of the big house, on a sort of a raised platform, Major was already sitting in comfort on his bed of straw. He was twelve years old and had __1__F__ grown rather fat, but he was still a majestic-looking (威武的) pig, with a wise and kind appearance. Before long the other animals began to arrive and make themselves __2_B__ after their different fashions. First came the three dogs, Bluebell, Jessie, and Pincher, and then the pigs, who settled down in the straw immediately in front of the platform. The hens rested themselves beside the window. The pigeons flew up to the rafters(房梁). The sheep and cows lay down behind the pigs. The two cart-horses, Boxer and Clover, came in together, walking very slowly and setting down their vast hairy hoofs (马蹄) with great care in case there should be some small animal __3__C_ in the straw. Clover was a motherly horse ___4____A_ middle life, who had never quite got her figure back after her fourth baby. Boxer was an enormous beast, nearly eighteen hands high, and as strong as any two ordinary horses ___5____G__ together. A white stripe down his nose gave him a somewhat stupid appearance, and in fact he was not of first-rate ___6___D__, but he was ___7__J__ respected for his steadiness of character and powers of work. After the horses came Muriel, the white goat, and Benjamin, the donkey. Benjamin was the oldest animal on the farm, and the worst ___9___I__. He seldom talked, and when he did, it was usually to make some ironical __10___H__----for instance, he would say that God had given him a tail to keep the flies off, but that he would rather have had no tail and no flies. Alone among the animals on the farm he never laughed. If asked why, he would say that he saw nothing to laugh at.

◆中译英

Step7

1.他一旦下了决心,无论遇到什么困难都不会放弃。(once)

2.创造性学习将对学生大有益处。(benefit)

3.退休的人应该有一两种爱好。例如种花,养鸟。(pick up)

4.事实上,学会用外语交际比只学会单词更为重要。(communicate)

5.在21世纪,计算机会对人们的生活产生更大的影响。(have an effect on)

Step8

1.他总是全心全意地帮助穷人。(devote to)

2.他由于在科学研究方面的成就而获得了每个人的尊敬。(gain)

3.越来越多的人用E-mail,而不是通过书信来保持联系了。(instead)

4.这位作家专心致志于写作,以致忘记了自己严重的疾病。(absorb)

5. 由于玛丽对这次面试做了充分的准备,她给经理留下了好印象。(prepare for)

Step9

1.我们的祖国从来没有象今天这样强大。(Never...)

2.我们将作进一步的讨论,然后再作出最终结论。(before)

3.据说在那个湖底发现了一个古城的遗址。(discover)

4.这个地区的经济发展很快,可是某些市民的素质还不尽如人意。(quality)

5.他们应从这件事中吸取教训:玩火者必自焚。(burn)

Step 7

1. Once he has made up his mind, he will never give up no matter what difficulties he meets.

2. Creative learning will bring great benefits to students. / Creative learning will be of great benefit to students, / Creative learning will benefit students greatly. / Students will benefit greatly from creative learning.

3. Retired people should pick up one or two hobbies, such as raising/growing flowers and watching/raising birds.

4. In fact, it is more important to learn to communicate in a foreign language than only to learn words.

5. Computers will have greater effects on people's life in the twenty-first century.

Step 8

1. He is always devoted to helping the poor. / He always devotes himself to helping the poor.

2. He (has) gained the respect of everyone because of his achievements in scientific research.

3. More and more people keep/are in touch/are in contact with each other by E-mail instead of letters.

4. The writer was so absorbed in his writing that he forgot his serious illness.

5. As Mary was well prepared for the interview, she made a good impression on the manager. Step 9

1. Never before has our country been so powerful as it is today.

2. We will have a further discussion before we draw/make a final conclusion.

3. It is said that the site of an ancient city has been discovered at the bottom of the lake.

4. Although the economy in this area is developing rapidly, the qualities of some citizens are still not satisfactory.

5. They should learn a lesson from this incident: He who plays with fire will surely get burnt.

◆ 词组

break one? promise to do sth. 食言

a promising future 未来大有希望

·get promoted 升职

gain promotion

the promotion of a new commercial product 促销一种新产品water-proof adj. 防水的

· in the proper way 以正确的/适当的方式

·protect people?s private property

保护某人的私有财产

the chemical properties of iron

铁的化学性质

·propose doing sth. 提议做某事

put forward a good proposal

提出一个好的提议

·prospect for old 勘探金矿

·protect the animals from attacking

保护动物不受攻击

·as the old proverb says常言道

·provide sb. with sth. 提供某人某物

provide sth. for sb.

offer sb. sth.

offer sth. to sb.

supply sb. with sth.

supply sth. to sb.

·make psychological researches

进行心理研究

·publish the newest edition

出版最新的版本

·escape from punishment 逃脱惩罚

escape being punished

·purchase the bargains on the market

在市场上购买到便宜货

·on purpose 故意地

by accident 偶然地

put forward a perfect proposal

提出一个完美的建议

put off a press conference

推迟一次新闻发布会

put on a performance 上演一场表演

put out a big fire 扑灭一场大火

put up a tent 搭建一个帐蓬

·feel puzzled about the results

对结果感到迷惑

·be well qualified for a post

十分胜任一个职位

·the good qualities of the great hero

那个大英雄的良好品质

·a large quantity of 大量的

本文来源:http://www.xyyo.net/wenmixiezuo/mishujichu/2019/0802/52.html

推荐访问:高考 上海 语法 新题型 英语语法填空固定规律 上海高考英语语法填空连词
相关推荐